Monday, February 20, 2012

NetBeans IDE PHP Quick Start Tutorial

Installation and Configuration

The following documents contain instructions for one or two ways to set up a PHP web stack on your operating system. These instructions are not definitive. The web stack consists of third-party software, your environment may differ, and you might prefer a different AMP package or another way to set up PHP. You might need to supplement our instructions with your own investigations.
  • Configuring PHP Development Environment in Windows
  • Configuring PHP Development Environment in the Ubuntu Linux Distribution
  • Configuring PHP Development Environment in Mac Operating System (Mac OS X)

Setting up a PHP Project in the NetBeans IDE for PHP

For help in installing and starting NetBeans IDE, please see the installation documentation.
To start PHP development in the NetBeans IDE for PHP, you first need to create a project. A project contains the information on the location of the project files and the way you want to run and debug your application (run configuration).

  1. Start the IDE, switch to the Projects window, and choose File > New Project. The Choose Project panel opens.
  2. In the Categories list, choose PHP.
  3. In the Projects area, choose PHP Application and click Next. The New PHP Project > Name and Location panel opens.
    Name and Location panel of New PHP Project wizard, with Source Folder location as XAmpp document root.
  4. In the Project Name text field, enter NewPHPProject.
  5. In the Sources Folder field, browse for your PHP document root and create a subfolder there called NewPHPProject. The document root is the folder where the web server looks for files to open in the browser. The document root is specified in the web server configuration file. For example, on Xampp, the document root is XAMPP_HOME/htdocs.
  6. Leave all other fields with their default values. Click Next. The Run Configuration window opens.
    Run Configuration panel of New PHP Project wizard, with default values chosen
  7. In the Run As drop-down list, select Local Web Site. The project will run on your local Apache server. Your other options are to run the project remotely via FTP and to run it from the command line.
  8. Leave the Project URL at default.
  9. Click Finish. The IDE creates the project.
Learn more about Setting up a PHP project in NetBeans.

Running Your First PHP Project

  1. Start the IDE, choose File > Open Project. The Open Project dialog box opens.
  2. Select NewPHPProject and click Open Project. The NewPHPProject tree appears in the Projects window and the project's index.php file opens in the editor and in the Navigator window.
    NewPHPProject open in the IDE, showing index.php in editor
  3. Enter the following code inside the block:
    echo "Hello, world! This is my first PHP project!";
  4. To run the project, position the cursor on the NewPHPProject node and choose Run from the context menu. The figure below shows what you should see in the browser window:
    New PHP Project Panel with the fields filled in
    Congratulations! Your program works!